World map from 1910.

Separatist, Para-military, Military,
Intelligence, and Political Organizations

Organizations Using the Internet

Jammu and Kashmir,
and militant groups based in or supported from Pakistan

Modified 24 April 2009

It seems impossible to separate these into separate pages, as many so-called "Indian separatist groups" are really Pakistani-based jihadists, and it is impossible to consider either India or Pakistan in isolation without also considering Kashmir.

India — The Indian Union is administratively one extremely large nation, but ethnically it is a collection of many diverse nationalities. It is the result of British imperialism (certainly a fair word, as it was one of the "jewels in the crown" of the British empire). It brought (forced?) together several disparate and historically separate ethnic nations into one political state. Many of these ethnic nationalities have factions desiring independance. There are many legitimate secessionist or autonomy movements.

However, many sites claiming to be maintained by Indian secessionist movements are actually designed by supporters of the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba or allied Pakistan-based organizations (see the Pakistan section below for more).

Many of the sites list below seem to be mostly pro-Pakistan and anti-India, instead of being pro-nationality or pro-autonomy. As with anything else on the net, the reader must remember that these are controversial issues and subject to misleading information. If anyone can offer further information about which sites are really backed by Lashkar-e-Taiba, or knows of sites giving the opposing points of view for any of the issues involved, please let me know! The Pakistan-based anti-Indian viewpoint seems to be disproportionally represented on the net.

Pakistan — The New York Times, 5 July 2002, pg A8, had an excellent overview of Pakistani militant groups:

Jammu and Kashmir — Note that I've just copied the web site titles so this is a little more than a list of URLs — they aren't my labels, I'm just quoting the authors. The majority seem to really be Indian or (more commonly) Pakistani, rather than Kashmiri.

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