Setting Up the BIND Master Server
We're building an Active Directory server from Samba running on FreeBSD, free server software on a free operating system. Our first step is to set up the needed DNS infrastructure on an existing BIND master (or primary) DNS server. Then the Samba-based Active Directory can be a slave (or secondary) DNS server for those same zones. Jump back to the start for an overview of the project.
How to set up the needed DNS records
I want to name the new system
and I plan to use
corp for the Windows
The server will have IPv4 address 10.1.1.235.
I also want some aliases for the name —
so I will set up CNAME records.
I added the following to
on the existing DNS master server.
This is for the corp.example.com zone,
so add that to all the hostnames:
and so on.
Change the IP addresses and names as needed:
[... lines deleted ...] freebsd IN A 10.1.1.235 freebsd IN AAAA fc00::ba27:ebff:fe41:b9ae dc IN CNAME freebsd raspbsd IN CNAME freebsd ;;; See https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd316373.aspx ;;; _service._protocol.DNSdomain IN SRV priority weight port target _ldap._tcp IN SRV 0 0 389 freebsd _ldap._udp IN SRV 0 0 389 freebsd _kerberos._tcp IN SRV 0 0 88 freebsd _kerberos._udp IN SRV 0 0 88 freebsd _kpasswd._tcp IN SRV 0 0 464 freebsd _kpasswd._udp IN SRV 0 0 464 freebsd ; Need kerberos-adm if we will run kadmind to support kadmin remotely. ; Not needed if we will only do local administration: kadmin -l ; And, administration will be through samba-tool. _kerberos-adm._ucp IN SRV 0 0 749 freebsd _kerberos-adm._tcp IN SRV 0 0 749 freebsd ; More, per: ; https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/servergeeks/2014/07/12/dns-records-that-are-required-for-proper-functionality-of-active-directory/ ; It's unclear to me whether I need the following records. ; These may be needed only to support older Windows clients. _ldap._tcp.pdc._msdcs IN SRV 0 0 389 freebsd _ldap._tcp.gc._msdcs IN SRV 0 0 389 freebsd _ldap._tcp.dc._msdcs IN SRV 0 0 389 freebsd gc._msdcs IN A 10.1.1.235 [... lines deleted ...]Configuring BIND to Support Active Directory SRV Resource Records
Notice that the SRV records need three numbers: the priority, the weight, and the UDP or TCP port number. Clients will try to contact one of the servers with the lowest priority first. The additional factor of weight allows you to do load balancing across those of identical priority. It seems reasonable to leave these both zero until you find that you need to do prioritization and load balancing.
I also needed the PTR records for reverse lookups. In the file for the 10.in-addr.arpa zone I added this:
235.1.1 IN PTR freebsd.example.com.
And in the 0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.c.f.ip6.arpa zone file:
e.a.9.b.1.4.e.f.f.f.b.e.7.2.a.b IN PTR freebsd.example.com.
tail -f /var/log/messages
in one window while you signal your
to re-read its configuration.
Make sure it reloads without error.
This Microsoft TechNet article dates back to Windows 2000 (!!) but it has an introductory explanation of integrating Active Directory and BIND.
The next step...
The next step is to install FreeBSD on a Raspberry Pi.