Surface-mount circuit board NC2030.

Amateur Radio — KC9RG

Amateur Radio

Amateur radio includes HF QRP operation — low-power but still long-distance two-way communication on the high-frequency bands using CW or continuous-wave signalling. In other words, Morse Code getting through when voice modes simply cannot, with a lot of kilometers per watt.

What's on the air? Refer to my overviews of the radio spectrum, tables of frequencies used by all the different services, and a list of powerful medium-wave AM broadcast stations that can be received across much of North America and beyond.

Many amateur radio operators use FM repeaters on the 144–148 and 420–450 MHz bands, colloquially referred to by approximate wavelength as 2 meters and 70 centimeters. I have some modifications for some of the older Icom transceivers.

Speaking of working on things, maybe you want to build some oscilloscope test probes or repair a Tektronix 2445A oscilloscope. Or fabricate circuit boards, wind toroidal inductors and transformers, or other design and construction projects.


Low-power but still long-distance communication on the HF bands, using CW (Morse Code).

HF QRP operation — Low-power CW transceivers for the
40m, 30m and 20m amateur bands
SW20+ 20m QRP CW amateur radio transceiver. SMK 40m QRP CW amateur radio transceiver.  Circuit board holding many SMT (surface-mount technology) components. NorCal QRP club Morse code paddles.
Build a QRP RF 50Ω
Load and Power Meter
A Simple Audio Tone
Control Circuit
Surface-mount technology (SMT) construction
the NC2030 QRP HF transceiver
Rhombic antennas
Classic designs for UHF & microwave
Small HF antennas
Shortened doublet designs for 10.1 and 14 MHz
J-pole antennas, also known as
End-fed half-wave Zepps
Balanced line impedance
and radiated power
Fort Tuthill

SDR or Software Defined Radio with a Raspberry Pi

Modifications for the Icom IC-2SAT, IC-229H, and IC-3220 VHF/UHF Transceivers

Many years ago, I posted a few articles to USENET on how to modify the IC-2SAT and IC-229H 144-148 MHz FM transceivers for wide-band receive. And no, I don't know any more about the topic now than I did back then! But here is what little I do have on mods for these two Icom transceivers.

IC-2SAT modification
Part 1
Part 1 describes measurements of the sensitivity of the Icom IC-2SAT across the newly expanded receive range.
IC-2SAT modification
Part 2
Part 2 describes the details of the modification itself.
The third one describes how to modify the Icom IC-229, and tells what to expect for results, including aviation band sensitivity.
Modifications for the Icom IC-3220
VHF/UHF FM transceiver
The IC-3220 is designed to cover both the 2m and 70cm amateur bands. Learn how to expand the receive coverage to:
118.136 MHz AM
136-174 MHz FM
400-479 MHz FM

HFCC shortwave (HF) broadcast frequency assignments World Radio-Television Handbook updates AM (MW) broadcast news AM (MW) broadcast lists by frequency and location US & international frequency assignments International broadcast schedules

License databases: FCC/US: amateur & broadcast FCC/US: all others Australia New Zealand

Scanner frequencies by state and city:

Railroads: Amtrak Other

Internet radio